Answer :

(b)

EXPLANATION:


(b) is correct. The two superpowers were engaged in an indirect war which was an ideological war between the two with USA supporting capitalism and USSR supporting socialism. There was no physical war taking place between the two powers, no direct confrontation rather it was in their propaganda and ideas.


(a) is incorrect because there was a rivalry going on between the two powerful nations. Both wanted to gain the support of as many countries as possible in order to influence and expand their ideologies.


(c) is incorrect because, in order to prove their hegemony over the world, the two superpowers gained access to more and more developed arms and ammunition. The possession of arms was used as a means of threatening each other. The more arms, the more was the control and a sense of security.


(d) is incorrect because the two superpowers have different ideologies to be promoted. The USA supported capitalism and hence was known as Democratic-Capitalist block whereas the USSR supported the communism and hence was called Communist bloc. Both were trying to prove their ideologies superior to each other’s hence it was known as the ideological war between the two.

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