Answer :

Very common occupation around us in todays' society are the managerial personnel, working in the private sector industries.

1. Social composition of work force

a. Cast: It is no more a criteria in employment in private sector however the reservation very much there. This means composition on the basis of cast matters only up to the level where reservation is compulsory above that people from all caste and creed available in management in almost equal proportions.

b. Gender: The jobs requiring public dealing has a higher percentage of females as compared to the one involving technical nature of work.

c. Age: All the private organisations are trying to introduce new blood so as to make their management dynamic and progressive.

d. Region: Most positions are fulfilled by local people as compared to people from different regions, though there is no such restriction as the human resource is very much mobile in our country.

2. Labour processes

It depends upon the nature of the industry

If the industry is capital intensive in the major work is mechanical in nature and people are required for supervision purpose

Whereas in labour intensive industries major part of employees is engaged in technical nature of work

3. Wages and benefit

In addition to basic wages various other benefits are allowed to employees like -

Allowances, such as House Rent Allowance, Medical Allowance, etc

Perquisites like rent free accommodation, motor cars, meals

Fringe benefits like provident fund, life insurance, family health insurance, etc are also available

4. Working conditions

The working conditions are quite friendly and liberal for the employees.

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