Q. 1 A4.1( 17 Votes )

Complete the foll

Answer :

(a) Territorial constituencies:- The main basis upon which seats are allocated in the Lok Sabha from various states is the population of the state. Each state is divided into various territorial constituencies, which is readjusted following the census. In that way, the ratio of the population and seat is maintained within the state and union.


(b) Religious constituencies:- these are the constituencies from where religious minorities are elected to be the representatives.


(c) Local bodies:- these are the bodies or institutions of local self-governance, whose primary concern is to look after the administration of an area or small community like villages, towns or cities. Examples are :- municipal corporation, municipality board, committee, town area committee etc.


(d) Proportional Representation System :- a system in which the number of seats held by members of a political party in a Parliament is determined by the number of votes its candidates receive in an election. In India, Rajya Sabha election is actually based upon proportional representation system.

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