Answer :

Food chain= Small algae—Zooplankton—Fish—Big fish


The algae receive 10,000J of energy out of which it absorbs only 1% i.e. 100J. 10% of 100J i.e. 10J is transferred to zooplankton. Fish receives 10% of this 10J= 1J. Out of 1J energy available to the fish, 10% is transferred to the next trophic level i.e. big fish. 10% of 1J is 0.1J. Hence, 0.1J of energy will be available to big fish if 10,000J of energy is available to small algae from the sun.


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