Briefly explain the role of opposition parties in India.
Role of the Opposition in India:
I. The Opposition checks the government from becoming corrupt and dictatorial and thus keeps it sensitive to the needs of the people. In this way, it protects our rights and our Constitution.
II. It checks inside the Parliament by debates, discussions, question hours, supplementary questions, adjournment motion, cut motions and ultimately by vote of no-confidence.
III. It checks outside the Parliament by rallies, dharnas, gheraos and fasting.
IV. Parliamentary function:
a. They expose the weakness of the ministers and the bureaucracy.
b. Through them, the Parliament obtains detailed and accurate information as to what legislation is needed for the country.
V. Lending support to wise legislation and equalitarian measures: The Opposition does not always obstruct and harass the government. It agrees with the government on certain fundamentals like support in electoral reforms, making Panchayat, and local bodies autonomous, fighting corruption, judicial reforms, and improved conditions of workers and peasants.
VI. Opposition are there to check the negative aspects of policies and schemes and either ask for removal or suggest the alternates for it.
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Read the passage given below carefully and answer the following questions :
The Congress evolved from its origins in 1885 as a pressure group for the newly educated, professionals and commercial classes to a mass movement in the twentieth century. This laid the basis for its eventual transformation into a mass political party and its subsequent domination of the political system. Thus the Congress began as a party dominated by the English speaking, upper caste, upper middle class, and urban elite. But with every Civil Disobedience Movement, it launched, its social base widened.
(a) What is meant by a pressure group?
(b) Explain the reason for the Congress to be transformed into a rainbow-like social coalition by the time of Independence.
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