New Education Policy 2020: Know About NEP, Changes in National Education Policy
New Education Policy 2020, approved by the Union Cabinet on July 29, 2020, is set to replace the 34-year-old National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986. The new education policy aims to improve the existing education system into a 360-degree holistic learning system for students.
New Education Policy 2020, approved by the Union Cabinet on July 29, 2020, is set to replace the 34-year-old National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986. Under the new education policy, there are various provisions, which includes encouraging common standards of learning, skill-training, flexible subject choices between streams, to name a few notable ones.
The new education policy aims to improve the existing education system into a 360-degree holistic learning system for students. In this article, we will dig deep into the National Education Policy 2020 PDF to understand all the reforms and changes that have taken place in the current education system.
What is National Education Policy?
National Education Policy (NEP) was brought forward by the government of India in 1968 to increase the literacy rate in India. That year, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi proposed radical restructuring and wanted equal educational opportunities to achieve the goal of national integration and economic development.
In 1986, Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi introduced a new education policy, which put an end to inequality between different castes and equalised educational opportunities for all. Apart from these reforms, the national policy also included provisions for adult education, recruiting teachers from SC category, granting scholarships, and development of new institutions.
Highlights of New Education Policy 2020
Below is the list of all the changes that have taken place in the new National Education Policy.
- The Ministry of Human Resource Development will now be called the ‘Education Ministry’.
- It will become compulsory for each student to learn a skill before completing their school education.
- Introduction of common standards of learning for students studying in public and private schools.
- The fee structure will be made uniform.
- There will be more emphasis on making the children learn core concepts over forcing them to follow rote-learning.
- There will equal opportunities for all sections in the education system.
- Another objective is to achieve foundational learning and numeracy skills as per the National Mission by 2025.
- GEW to be introduced in pre-school to secondary level by 2030.
- The transition of ECCE to secondary education assured by 2030.
National Education Policy 2020 for Schools
Go through the reforms introduced in NEP 2020 below.
- As per the NEP 2020 PDF, 10+2 board structure will be replaced by 5+3+3+4.
- Education up to 5th standard will be called pre-school, Class 6 to 8 will be called mid-school, and Class 8 to 11 high school will fall under the high school.
- Class 12 and onward will now be considered as graduation.
- Coding language will be taught from Class 6 onward.
- For Class 6 students, there will be vocational courses to choose from while students of Class 8 to 11 can opt for subjects of their choices.
- There will no longer be any rigid separation between the streams. For example- a student will have the flexibility to take Chemistry with Geography.
- The question paper will be designed to test the core knowledge of students rather than expecting them to write lengthy question-answers. This will reduce the scope of rote-learning to a great extent.
- All the subjects will be taught in Mother's tongue till the 5th Standard. The three-language formula will be applicable from 6th Standard onward, in which Sanskrit will be optional till high school.
- State Boards will have the freedom to choose the language of their choice.
- The report card of a student will now indicate a comprehensive report on the skills and capabilities of the student.
- There will be no barriers between vocational, academic, and extracurricular activities.
These changes introduced in National Education Policy 2020 will promote healthy competition, encourage students to develop industrial skills, and enable them to apply the concepts in the real world.
Frequently Asked Questions
- When will the new education policy be implemented?
NEP 2020 will not be applicable immediately as the government is eying another 20 years to implement the entire new education policy. By 2040, the NEP 2020 will be fully applicable.
- What are the changes introduced in the new education policy for college students?
Below are the changes that have been introduced at the graduation level.
- There will be multiple entry and exit options in degree courses
- MPhil programmes will be discontinued.
- There will be a common entrance exam for admission to universities.
- UG programmes will either have duration of 3 or 4 years with multiple exit options in degree courses.
- What is New Education Policy 2020?
As per the NEP 2020, the government of India wants to encourage common standards of learning, skill-training, flexible choice of subjects between Science, Commerce & Arts, etc. Check all the changes in detail above in NEP 2020 PDF.
- What changes are introduced in the new education policy for Class 10 students?
The State Boards will continue to conduct Class 10 Board exams in which they will test students’ core knowledge instead of encouraging rote memorization.