Q. 33.8( 12 Votes )
At which point information is acquired in the neuron?
At the end of the dendritic tip information is acquired. After the information is acquired, chemical reaction is set off at the dendritic tip and an electrical impulse is generated. This impulse is passed through axon to its end. At axon end, impulse is set off and again some chemicals are released, which crosses the gap between the two nerve cells and again starts the same procedure in the second nerve cell.
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In a synapse, chemical signal is transmitted from:Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur- Biology
In a neuron, the conversion of electrical signal to a chemical signal occurs at/in:Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur- Biology
P is a cell (or group of cells) in the human body which is sensitive to a particular type of stimulus and conveys the messages to CNS through nerves Q. On the other hand, R is a part of the human body which can respond to a stimulus according to the instructions sent from the CNS through nerves S.
(a) What is P? Name five organs which contain cells (or group of cells) like P.
(b) Name the nerves Q.
(c) What is R? Give two examples of R.
(d) Name nerves S.
(e) How do messages travel through the nerves Q and S?Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur- Biology
When we touch a hot plate unknowingly, then this heat is sensed by a receptor P present in our fingers. The receptor triggers an impulse in neuron Q which transmits the message to an organ R which is a part of the central nervous system. Here the impulse is passed on to a neuron S which in turn passes it to a yet another neuron T. The neuron T passes the impulse to a tissue U in our arm. The tissue U then contracts and pulls our hand away from the hot plate.
'(a) What is the name of (i) receptor P (ii) neuron Q, and (iii) organ R?
(b) What is (i) neuron S, and (ii) neuron T?
(c) Name the tissue U.
(d) What name is given to the phenomenon in which hand is pulled away quickly from the hot plate?
(e) Name the effector in this whole process.Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur- Biology
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One of the following gives the correct sequence of the components in a reflex arc. This is:Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur- Biology
A cylindrical structure P in our body begins in continuation with medulla and extends downwards. It is enclosed in a bony cage Q and surrounded by membranes R. As many as x pairs of nerves arise from the structure P. The structure P is involved in the reflex actions of our body and conduction of nerve impulses to and from another organ S of our body with which it forms CNS.
(a) Name the structure P.
(b) Name (i) bony cage Q, and (ii) membranes R.
(c) How much is x?
(d) Name the organ S.
(e) What are the reflexes involving structure P only known as?Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur- Biology
The human body contains a large number of cells A which are very long and branched, and look like electric wires. The longest branch of this cell is B whereas there are many small branches C. Any two A cells do not join to one another completely in the human body. There is a microscopic gap D between every pair of adjacent A cells through which electric impulses can pass by the release of a chemical substance.
(a) What are cells A?
(b) What is the name of (i) branch B, and (ii) branches C?
(c) What is the microscopic gap D known as?
(d) What is the function of cells like A in the human body?
(e) The cells A are of three types. Name the three types.Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur- Biology
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A and B are the two systems of control and coordination in the human body. The messages in system A are transmitted in the form of chemical substances C which travel comparatively slowly through the blood stream. The substances C are made in tissues D present in the head and trunk of human body. The messages in system B are transmitted very quickly in the form of electrical impulses through fibres E. The effect of messages transmitted by system B usually lasts for a much shorter time as compared to those transmitted by system A.
(a) Name the system A. What does system A consist of?
(b) Name the chemical substance C.
(c) What is tissue D? Name any five such tissues in the human body.
(d) Name the system B. What does system B consist of?
(e) Name the fibres E.
(f) State whether system A controls the working of system B or system B controls the working of system A.Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur- Biology