Reasons for increase in population-
i) A rapid decline in the death rate, infant mortality rate and maternal mortality rate.
ii) Lack of knowledge about the hazards of increase in population and ways of controlling it.
iii) Increase in number of people in the reproducible age group.
To check the population explosion-
i) Incentives given to small families.
ii) Statutory raising marriageable age of females to 18 years and males to 21 years.
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