Q. 245.0( 1 Vote )

Assess any six ou

Answer :

Planning is the first and foremost step in achieving a goal in economic terms of a country. It is a carefully thought out process by some of the most eminent planers of the country. In India, planning is done by the Planning Commission of India.

The outcomes of planning in India can be both positives and negatives in India.


The Positives Outcomes:


a) In the early period of the planned development in India, the basic foundation of India's future growth was laid. Some of the largest developmental projects were undertaken during this period. For example, Hirakud and Bhakra Nangal project for irrigation and power generation.


b) Some of the heavy industries in the public sector which started during this period. For example steel plants, oil refineries, manufacturing units, and defence production.


c) Infrastructure such as transport and communication were improved.


d) The future growth in the private sector would not have been possible without proper planning in the public sector.


The Negative Outcomes:


a) The early steps in the planned development had been successful in realising the most important goals for the economic development of the country as well as for the betterment of a citizen. However, it was unable to implement these decisions and undertake any action for 100% success of these plans.


b) Land Reforms were introduced in the planning. But they were not implemented effectively in most parts of India.


c) The power still remained in the hands of the big industrialists and the richer sections of the society. The sections did not make any efforts to reduce the poverty levels of the country.


d) There was an unequal level of development prevailing in the country.


e) Those who gained benefit from this type of development became more powerful politically as well as economically.


OR


(a) Yes, I agree with the statement that the three challenges faced by India, at the time of Independence are yet to be resolved completely. The following reasons highlight the reasons:


At the time of independence, there was an important question regarding the integration of the Indian territory which was yet to be achieved. The challenges of nation building where resolved by the national leaders over the years but they were not any sense of unity amongst the citizens. This is a major challenge which is yet to be achieved. There is still no sense of Unity between different groups, different castes and different religions. For example, there is still the challenge of separatism from Jammu and Kashmir in the Northern parts of India and Nagaland in the North Eastern parts of India. These issues still need to be resolved peacefully.


(b) India had declared itself as a country based on the principle of secularism. Implied that all the religions will be treated equally. No single religion will be preferred over other religions. No preferential treatment will be given to any individual in any workplace or academic institution in regard to his or her religion. But in reality, India has witnessed some of the worst communal riots. The level of tolerance for other individuals has been declining year by year


(c) In economic and technological terms, India has been one of the fastest growing economies of the world. With a significant growth rate, it has been able to come at par with some of the well-developing countries. But we cannot ignore the rural plight. The rural areas of the country still face a number of issues. For example, the issue of electricity, water, lack of schools, lack of Financial Institutions, low sense of security, etc. The urban area also faces many issues. For example, the issue of housing, increasing unemployment etc.


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