Answer :

Four consequences of the national emergency imposed in the year 1975 in India are as follows –

a. It allowed the common Indian citizen to become aware of their civil rights and liberties within the Indian democracy.

b. Prior to its imposition, ‘emergency’ was a very muddled area in the Indian Constitution. Its implementation cleared away the ambiguities and prevented further misuse.

c. It led to the formation of the Janata Party which included all the major opposition parties.

d. It removed the prevalent one-party system from the Indian political scenario.


Emergency saw the complete breakdown of the democratic system in the country. It was a constitutional crisis and saw the complete disruption of civil rights and liberties. It created a political crisis where the majority party violated all constitutional norms. The direct outcome of the emergency was observed when several opposition parties came together to form the Janata Party and stand in opposition to the ruling Congress Party during the 1977 elections. The Janata Party fought in the elections of 1977 by basing their referendum on the unconstitutional nature of the Emergency. This enabled them to emerge as people’s alternative to the Congress Party in the elections of 1977 and they gained victory by a large margin.

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