Answer :

Increasing order of basicity,

• We know that basic nature of amine follows the trend 3°<2°<1°.

• But in the presence of a bulky group such as benzene ring, there will be steric hindrance which will result in the decrease in the basicity of the group.

• Thus, the order of increasing basicity for the above compounds is,


Increasing order of solubility in water,

• If the alkyl group is small, there will be no steric hindrance against Hydrogen bonding with water.

• The trend followed then will be 2°>1°>3°.

• Thus, the order of increasing solubility for the above compounds is,


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