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Appreciate the ro
Natural calamities are those that take place in nature and cause harm. Flood, cyclone, earthquake, etc., are some examples. However, when these natural calamities have its impact on human lives, it turns into a disaster.
The Government plays a crucial role in facing the disaster and the relief operations as the aftermath.
1. India has a federal form of Government.
2. The Government at each level National, state and local has its role in managing flood and cyclone.
3. National Level:
a. The Central Government has its nodal ministries such as the Home ministry, Ministry of Agriculture, Railways, Civil Aviation, etc., to manage the disaster according to the nature of the disaster.
b. The national Government considers the gravity of the disaster, scale of the relief operations required, and the assistance needed to build up the financial and logistics support.
c. The Ministry of Home affairs plays a significant role in coordinating the management of flood and cyclone except for drought. Drought is managed by Ministry of Agriculture.
4. State Level:
a. The responsibility to deal with the natural calamity such as flood or cyclone is primarily vested with the State Government.
b. The States have been provided with a relief manual called ‘State Relief Code’ and State Contingency plan. These manuals guide the state Government to face the disaster like flood and cyclone.
c. The relief operations after a flood and a hurricane are headed by the Chief Minister or the Chief Secretary of the State.
d. The Relief Commissioner is responsible for the relief and rehabilitation measures. Sometimes, Secretary, Revenue department also heads the relief operations.
5. District level:
a. The Disaster Management Committee at the district level which is headed by the district magistrate takes the decisions during flood and cyclone and seeks the help of disaster management teams like Police, doctors, Fire service, etc.,
b. Officials of the health department, Irrigation department, Department of Water and Sanitation also form part of the management committee.
c. Similarly, separate committees are set up at Block and village levels to face the situations during flood and cyclone.
Thus, in India, all the three tiers of Government join hands together in facing natural calamities such as flood and cyclone.
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