Q. 35.0( 1 Vote )

Answer the following questions in one sentence.

(a) State the resolution that was passed by the Congress Working Committee on 14 July 1942.

(b) What appeal did Mahatma Gandhi make to the people?

(c) Write the names of any two leaders of the underground movement.

Answer :

(a) The British Government formed Cripps Mission to get the cooperation of Indiana during the second world war against Japan. As the proposals of the mission were not found satisfactory by the Indian parties, it was turned down. Therefore, the Congress working committee passed a resolution to make the British quit India at Wardha on 14th July 1942. This was to strengthen the freedom struggle. The resolution was passed to put an end to the British rule in India immediately and if India could not get independence, the non-violent struggle was to be adopted by the party.


(b) Jawaharlal Nehru passed 'Quit India Resolution' in Mumbai. The Congress party also decided to begin its non-violent struggle against the British. Mahatma Gandhi was chosen to lead the struggle. He raised slogans like 'Do or Die'. He appealed to the people that they should be ready to sacrifice their lives in their attempts to free India from the clutches of the British.


(c) Jay Prakash Narayan, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, Chhotubhai Puranik, Achyutrao Patwardhan, Aruna Asaf Ali, Yusuf Meher Ali, Sucheta Kriplani were some of the leaders of the Underground movement. The leadership of the people's movement went into the hands of the young social activists. Groups like Azad Dasta, Lal Sena etc., were formed. These people protested the British Government. They damaged the railway tracks, disrupted the communication, damaged the telephone wires etc., Some people like Usha Mehta even secretly started transmission center called Azad Radio.


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