Q. 45.0( 4 Votes )
Answer the follow
(a) 1. The provincial elections were held for eleven constituencies in the year 1935.
2. The Congress party won in eight constituencies and came to power.
3. They started working for the welfare of the people. They released the prisoners.
4. Liquor was prohibited.
5. Peasants were relieved of their debts.
6. Basic education was introduced.
7. Measures were taken to uplift the condition of the Dalits and other downtrodden.
(b) 1. During the World war-II, Britain, USA, USSR, and China joined hands against Japan. Japan threatened to invade India as it was one of the British colony.
2. To tackle Japan's threat, the British needed the co-operation of the Indians.
3. Hence, the then Prime Minister of Britain, Sir Winston Churchill sent Sir Stafford Cripps to India with certain proposals.
4. According to the proposals, there was a sign of damage to the national unity.
5. There was no concrete plan for complete freedom to India immediately after the war.
6. The power in defense was retained by the British.
7. These provisions were not satisfactory to the Congress.
8. Hence, the Congress party rejected the proposal.
(c) 1. British officers have chased away in some of the areas like Midnapore in Bengal, Balia, and Azamgad in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Parallel Government was established in those places.
2. In Satara, Krantisinh Nana Patil established the parallel Government.
3. The British administration there was put to an end and he ran People's Government.
4. Administrative functions like maintaining law and order, a collection of taxes were carried on.
5. The judicial system was established and criminals were punished or penalized by courts.
6. Social Organisations like Rashtra Seva Dal, Azad Sena were formed to perform certain functions like the prohibition of liquor, promoting education, eradication of untouchability etc.,
7. People welcomed this system of Parallel Government.
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