Q. 25.0( 2 Votes )
Answer the follow
(a) The aim of satyagraha is to make a person who committed an act of injustice, to realize or be aware of the truth and justice of the matter, thereby bringing about a transformation in his or her opinion and attitude. It was Gandhiji who introduced and popularized this passive form if socio-political resistance in India as well as South Africa.
(b) The resolution of the Non-Cooperation Movement was passed in the Nagpur session of the Congress in 1920. So by this resolution, a nonviolent plan of action to boycott foreign clothes and all government-run establishments like offices, law courts, and educational institutions was finalized.
(c) In addition to the non-cooperation movement, Gandhiji undertook a constructive programme. This programme aimed at the propagation of Hindu-Muslim unity, use, and consumption of Swadeshi(Indian) products like Khadi, eradication of untouchability prohibition of alcohol, and national education. The non-cooperation gained more popularity and became stronger in the rural areas of the country due to this constructive programme.
(d) The Nehru Report proposed that India should be given a dominion status. This report was prepared and proposed by an all-party commission of the Indian National Congress. Motilal Nehru was its Chairman.
Note:- Dominion status means enjoying independence and autonomy from the British rule and governance. Its formal definition in the Balfour Declaration of 1926 states it as "autonomous Communities within the British Empire", thereby acknowledging them as political equals of the United Kingdom.
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