Answer :

(a) From the starting of story it shows that the mother Tao Ying is not so affluent and has a mediocre living. She believes in savings as much as she can to make herself and her son suitable for living a good life. When she request to the Chinese official to let his son inside, her character depicts the mother’s love towards her son and as every parent wants to be role model and the source of inspiration for their kids anyhow so that in future their kids would not feel be ashamed of their existence and will love their parents in a same way that they used to love them in their childhood. In the same manner, whether Ying tries to save a penny regularly but she never hesitates to spend money in front of her kid. She wants to build a respectable and a good image of being a parent who is very much concerned to her child and will do anything for them even out of their living zone.

(b) People respect science and scientists because they believe that science is the key to the understanding of the Universe and only scientists can use science to manipulate that key. It has probably become a fear in people (which is termed as respect) to actually force to believe that through science, people can make use of the laws of nature to control the environment and enhance human powers. By the steadily increasing understanding of the details of those laws, human powers will be greater in the future than in the past. If we can imagine the different ways in which they will be greater then we can write our stories. As in earlier times, human tend to have a dim understanding towards the natural phenomenon and other laws of nature. He is not able to learn the causes and consequences of these acts until the evolution of science which has made it very easy for human to understand the concepts and hence being able to enhance various suitable discoveries. Undoubtedly science has played a vital role in the development of humans’ lives.

(c) Captain Hagberd has created a self-enclosed system of belief about his son that whenever his son will come back to his home whether tomorrow or day after tomorrow and so on he will have a homecoming party for him and the houses of which he has been taking care for since so long will be now a place for his son to stay with him forever. He sustains himself in his mind with those false beliefs and deluded hopes that after so many years and patience his son will definitely return to his home and live with him in future. Moreover, Hagberd has been portrayed as a caring and loving father who is so concerned about his son and will do anything for him when he comes back. He is shown as a very kind and helpful person who has rent his house to some needy. But in actual, he turns out to be a tyrant (cruel) and a big fraud that used to beat his son in his childhood and mistreats him very much. Furthermore, it is shown that if his son harry takes money and help from the girl Bessie, (who seems to be in love with him and is very unfortunate who is not even to think properly) and then Harry’s father Hagberd disowns his son as he doesn’t care for him from the beginning then all the money will go to the girl Bessie who does not even urge for it. Overall, the life of Captain has become a delusional mind in which he has trapped himself with unreal and false hopes.

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