Q. 103.7( 3 Votes )

Answer any one of

Answer :


The given statement is from the Chapter ‘Going Places’ by A. R. Barton. It follows the story of Sophie, a teenager who lives among the clouds.

Sophie has some fantastical dreams about her future. She wishes to have her own boutique after school, though she has neither the money for it nor the skill. If not, then she wishes to be an actress or a fashion designer. She is unwilling to do work, but has great fantasies.


Her family is middle class. Her father struggles to make ends meet and put food on the table for them all. He faces much trouble in life and hence, does not take any interest in his daughter's musings and fantasies. Her mother has bent her back doing household chores and working hard. Her brother, Geoff, is a junior mechanic. He leads a private life and this piques Sophie’s curiosity. She wants to know about his secret life and wants to go on bike rides with him, as it is her fantasy to belong in that private life.


Her dreams revolve around being rich and talented, whereas her family's reality lies in poverty and hardwork. She is off daydreaming, while her family works hard to make sure they do not starve. She wants a flamboyant life, whereas her family is limited by means to even have a day off.


OR


In the chapter ‘Indigo’, Mahatma Gandhi’s simple yet no-violent approach to the problem of Indigo farming in colonial rule has been described. It is considered to have been a crucial point in Gandhi’s life as he gained justice by non-violent means through dialogue.


The British had forced farmers to plant 15% of Indigo and pay the entire harvest as rent. When Germany began synthesis of synthetic Indigo, they no longer required Indigo plantations. To trick the farmers, the British asked them to pay an amount to break the bond. One such farmer, Raj Kumar Shukla, who realised the loophole approached Gandhi to inform him of the state of affairs. He took him to Patna in Bihar to Rajendra Prasad, a lawyer.


He was led from lawyer to lawyer in a time when associating with a national fighter was illegal. He gained much support for his cause. He was called to court and in court he held dialogue with the lawyers and was able to get desirable results after a yearlong affair. This was the first ever example of civil disobedience in peaceful manner that triumphed.


This shows that Gandhi’s non-violent approach is a better way of resolving problems, even in this day. Violence only makes matters worse by hurting people and no true resolution can be obtained. Keeping a calm mind and thinking it through, a better solution can be met with.


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