Answer :

(a) Lantern Yard was a town where the earnings weren’t too high because most of their income was dedicated to charity. Similarly, Silas Marner also had a small income. But he was a faithful person and religiously devoted too. Though he spent his life as an honest member of the religious sect he was accused of a crime he never committed. He was accused of robbery by his best friend William Dane whom he has trusted the most. The pain of accusation became worse when his friend married his fiancée Sarah. The false claims were made on Silas stating that he had stolen the Church money that was kept beside the Deacon’s bed. The villagers found an empty bag in Silas’s house and accepted Dane’s claims. This incident led him to lose faith in God and any other relationships. From that day he became obsessed of hoarding gold as he felt that it was the only valuable thing in life. To fulfil this motive and because of the humiliation he had to face, he decided to leave Lantern Yard.

(b) Raveloe is a town that has a culture of being set in its ways, perhaps old-fashioned and for that reason maybe even prone to backward thinking. Raveloe is not an isolated village. It has a very central location in “Merry England” and provides plenty of opportunities to make a good living from the farms it has. The village is “nestled in a snug well-wooded hollow” which suggests that it was completely cut off from the outside world in such a way that public opinion did not bother them in any ways. It is a place set in its own traditional ways. People in Raveloe were keenly engaged in their work where the most prominent occupation was weaving linen. People would gaze at the Church from their windows during service time. Therefore, Raveloe is a representation of the typical provincial town, with the small-town mentality that tends to accompany such places. On the other hand, Lantern Yard was a place where people were faithfully committed to their services. Everyone in the town was religiously engaged. Along with their routine work they enjoyed their social life as well. The earnings of this town were not much as most of their income was devoted in charity.

(c) Squire Cass was the wealthiest man in Raveloe but not a kind-hearted person. He was the father of two sons – Godfrey and Dunstan. Both of them were like opposite poles. Squire never paid enough attention to his sons and neglected them most of the time. The Cass family was a symbol of royalty in the village of Raveloe. Therefore, he held the highest position in the town. He tried to be assertive but he wasn’t good at managing wealth. He was a man who didn’t prefer to be disagreed with. Godrey had hidden his secret marriage with Molly Farren and considered that he would be disowned if his father came to know of it because of his ill-temper. But because Squire Cass was unaware of the situation he pushed Godfrey to get married with Nancy Lammeter. Squire Cass usually threw parties on occasions like New Year only to perform his “hereditary duty of being noisily jovial and patronizing”. It was a show off affair for him as he was not at all interested in the company of people who joined the party.

(d) Dolly Winthrop was the wife of Ben Winthrop. She had a very noble nature. She as a God mother was the one who helped Silas in taking care of Eppie. She was able to regain the trust of Silas in religion and relationships which had been lost after he was cheated by his best friend Dunstan. Not only was he accused of robbery but also his fiancée married Dunstan. Dolly showed real concern for Silas and Eppie and was quite patient with them. She assumed the responsibility of caring for Eppie’s welfare all the time. She was a slow thinker and admitted the fact that she knew very little. She had a selfless attitude and also tried to give a mother’s love to little Aaron. She stood by Silas and taught him how he should nurture Eppie into a disciplined person with good values.

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