Answer :

(a) Raj Kumar Shukla was one of the poor share cropper of Champaran who was resolute to meet Gandhi ji to tell him about the oppression that they were facing. He was determined to meet Gandhi ji despite all odds. He saw a ray of hope in Gandhi and wanted him to visit Champaran to fight for their justice. He travelled to Lucknow to fix a date with him but he was informed about the prior engagements of Gandhi at Cawnpore and other parts of the country but he did not lose hope. He went to Calcutta even before Gandhi Ji reached there. He followed Gandhi ji everywhere and did not quit. On being asked, he said Gandhi ji to fix a date for visiting Champaran, his native village. He impressed Gandhi ji with this resoluteness and determination to not give up and ultimately find his way to take Gandhi ji to visit Champaran.

(b) Edla showed trust in the peddler by letting him stay with them on Christmas Eve though she knew he wasn’t the person his father thought he was. Her father called her to persuade the peddler to join them for Christmas. Edla convinced him and brought him home. Throughout his life, the peddler was never shown respect. He was always treated coldly by the world. For the first time in his life, he was honoured and respected as if he were a captain. Edla’s magnanimous nature had motivated him to act the same. He also signed the letter as Captain von Stahle so as to underline the impact of Edla’s goodness on him. Edla’s genuineness had evoked honesty in the peddler and so along with the letter he left the 30 kronor as a Christmas present to be returned to the crofter.

(c) In the story, “The Last Lesson”, Franz is seen running late for his school just like any other day. He was thinking of what reason would he give to his teacher M. Hamel. On his way, he saw a huge crowd in front of the bulletin board while passing by the town hall. He immediately recalled that the last time anything was put up on the bulletin board was at the time of war. He was disturbed because it was a sign of some bad news. When he reached his classroom, he was surprised to see that everyone was sitting in pin drop silence whereas usually there were sounds of the opening and closing of desks, rapping of the ruler and children repeating in loud voices. Even M. Hamel was dressed in his favourite outfit which he wore only on special days or events. All the children were seated in the front rows and the elders were sitting in the last row. M. Hamel informed them that it was their last French lesson and they would be taught Prussian from the next day. His heart was filled with sorrow when he heard her sister packing bags upstairs and with a heavy heart he wrote on the board ‘La Vida France’ which means long live France.

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