Answer :

(a) The Tiger king wanted to protect himself from a tiger attack. The king of Pratibandapuram disapproves the astrologer’s prophecy and challenges him to kill hundred tigers. His servants were living in fear of losing their jobs so they quietly supported their master in his pursuits. They obedience was out of fear and not sincerity. He had hunted around 70 tigers after which there were no more left in his estate. So he called for the dewan and state astrologer and asked them to look for a suitable bride. His requirement was a kingdom having maximum number of tigers so that he could go ahead with hunting 100 tigers. Even after getting married to such a bride he was unable to find the 100th tiger. He even threatened the dewan to resign if he couldn’t find the 100th tiger for him. They arranged for a tiger from the people’s park so that the King could fulfil his wish. But the tiger wasn’t originally hunted by him. This fact was concealed by the dewan because he feared losing his position. The Tiger King was very happy to prove the astrologer’s prophecy to be wrong. It was his son’s birthday and he went to buy a toy for him. He selected a wooden tiger and the shopkeeper quoted a huge amount for it proving it to be one of the finest pieces in his shop. Though the original price wasn’t too high, he did so because he was afraid of being punished under the rules of emergency. Eventually, the Tiger King met his end at the hands of this wooden tiger whose silver unfinished edge pierced his hand and the infection spread across the arm.

(b) In the story “on the face of it”, Mr. Lamb portrays optimism. He has the ability to see positive aspects in all situations. He never complains and welcomes all. He does not mind children calling him ‘lamey lamb’. He helps Derry change his outlook by treating him as a friend. Derry had a burnt face and believed that he was different. Derry was filled with poor self-esteem and felt victimized in every situation. Mr. Lamb is friendly towards people and provides confidence to Derry. He tries to teach Derry how to appreciate life in every situation. He gives him examples of the buzz of bees, weeds in the garden and how a man afraid of death had locked himself up in a room and ultimately died there. Mr. Lamb taught Derry that hatred was worse than acid. He found ways to overcome his loneliness and kept his gates always open. He didn’t even pull the curtains. He didn’t always keep thinking of negative things people said to him. He also told Derry that inner beauty was more important than appearance. At the end of the story we see Derry’s transformation as he defies his mother and goes back to Mr. Lamb’s garden.

(c) The story ‘Memories of Childhood’ show sufferings and oppression faced by people from marginalized community. Both the authors face social stratification in different forms. Zitkala Sa had been stared at, her blanket and moccasins had been taken from her; she had to wear tight fitting clothes. She protested against all this by hiding under a bed in the dark room. Zitkala Sa’s hair was “shingled” though she kicked, scratched and cried aloud in protest. In her community, shingled hairs were worn by mourners or cowards who had lost war. On the other hand, Bama was a victim of the practice of untouchability. She saw an old man from her community presenting food to an upper caste person not directly but by using a stick. She was amazed at this sight and on asking came to know that they were not supposed to touch their food directly. She was informed by her brother that it was because they were from a lower caste and treated as untouchables. Her brother told him that the only way to breakthrough this practice was to make an individual identity. She was motivated by her brother and used education to empower herself and stood first in her class.

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