Q. 85.0( 2 Votes )

Answer any four t

Answer :

(i) This line is taken from the chapter ‘The Last Lesson’ written by Alphanso Daudet. This line is spoken to his fellows Frenchmen during his last teaching session. His country had lost districts of Alsace and Lorraine to the Prussians. According to M. Hamel no matter what injustice is imposed on their language they should tackle all situations and hold on to their language. As a result German had to be taught in the school. M. Hamel and the villagers were exceedingly regretful for having neglected the learning of the French language. M. Hamel blamed the inhabitants of Alsace and Lorraine for their careless attitude for learning French. He even blamed himself for not teaching the French language seriously, as he gave holidays to his students when he wanted to enjoy leisure activities such as fishing and gardening.

(ii) Edla showed great trust in him by letting him stay at their manor on the Christmas eve. But the news about the robbery had left her dejected. So she was overjoyed when she reached home to find the package and the letter left by the peddler. Throughout his life, the peddlar had never known respect. He was always treated coldly by the world. For the first time in his life, he was honoured and respected as if he were a captain. Even after the truth was exposed, the daughter continued to treat him in a similar way. The way he was treated encouraged him to behave in a like manner. He also signed the letter as Captain von Stahle so as to underline the impact of Edla’s goodness on him.This gesture of appreciation from the peddler made her happy.


(iii) After his arrival at Motihari, Gandhiji used a house as the headquarter so that he can have complete investigation for the sharecroppers. At that time there came a report about maltreating a peasant. Next morning Gandhiji went to see him but he was overtaken by the police superintentendent’s messenger with an order to return back. When he reached home, Gandhiji was asked to quit Champaran at once. Gandhiji signed the order but wrote to disobey the order. Next day Gandhiji appeared in the court. That night Gandhiji telegraphed Rajendra Prasad to come with the influential friends. When the peasants knew that Gandhiji was in trouble with the authorities, the court ground of Motihari became black with peasants. The officials felt powerless and they had to seek his help. The trial was postponed but Gandhiji protested the delay. In between he was left at liberty. Now Gandhiji asked the prominent lawyers what they would do in case he was sent to jail. They told that they would follow Gandhiji and give the court arrest. This made Gandhiji exclaim: “The battle of Champaran is won”.


(iv) The king of Pratibandapuram disapproves his prophecy seems to be the sole reason for the king’s existence. Except for killing hundred tigers, everything else takes a back-seat for the king. The prophecy cannot be indisputably disproved as the king was ultimately killed by a tiger, though neither by a real one nor by the hundredth one. Looking at the weak, old and almost lifeless tiger that was the hundredth one, no one would have thought that it would escape the king’s bullet by fainting at the shock of the bullet whizzing past. It was the “tiny little wooden tiger” from the toy shop that caused the death of Tiger King. He gifted his young son a wooden tiger. While playing, a silver from the unfinished wood of the tiger pierced the King’s hand. This caused infection in his hand which spread in his entire arm. Surgeons were called from Madras who operated on him but could not save him. Hence, the prophecy of the astrologer came true at the end of the story.


(v) The story ‘Memories of Childhood’ show sufferings and oppression faced by people from marginalized community. The practice of social stratification is rebuked by both the authors. Zitkala Sa had been stared at, her blanket and moccasins had been taken from her; she had to wear tight fitting clothes. Zitkala Sa’s hair was “shingled” at the behest of Europeans who considered themselves superior to the Native Americans. From a very young age she had started showing hints of protest and resistance in her own ways.


(vi) Jo was not convinced with the ending of the story and coaxed her father to retell the story the next day giving the story a predetermined path that she had set. According to her, neither Roger Skunk nor the wizard was wrong in the story. Jo refused to accept the ned where Roger Skunk’s mother hits the wizard and that too without being hit back. She wanted the story to end with the wizard hitting back the mother skunk with his magic wand. For Jo, the story could have ended comfortably with Roger Skunk relieved of his foul body-odour and accepted by other children as their playmate. However, Jack took the story to another level, which created a ruckus in the little and simple world of Jo.


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