The distinctive aspects of the oral testimonies to understand the history is as follows:
a. Oral testimonies describe the experiences of the people during the partition.
b. These testimonies enable the historians to write expressive text giving vivid information of the actual happenings.
c. The lives of people were changed completely as the partition was felt as a suffering and challenge.
d. The official documents provide information only on the political aspects whereas the oral testimonies show the live experiences of the poor and the powerless sections of the society.
e. Oral testimonies narrate the personal experiences of the people.
f. The trials and tribulations of the people who lived during the partition can be well understood from the oral testimonies.
Thus, the oral testimonies serve as the better source of information which enable the historians to widen their boundaries.
The policies followed by the British led to the communal divisions among the Indians that eventually ended up in partition.
The following are the various events that led to the partition of British India:
a. Separate electorate was granted to Muslims in the year 1909 and the Muslims were allowed to form a separate league.
b. Several movements like the Cow movement, Tabligh and shuddi movements etc., paved way for the communal developments.
c. Indian National Congress was not ready to form a coalition government with the Muslim league after the 1937 general elections.
d. The Muslims demanded an autonomous province where the majority will be Muslims.
e. Mohammad Ali Jinnah represented the Muslim community along with the Muslim league and he adopted the two-nation theory.
f. The Quit India movement started by the Indian National Congress failed to win the co-operation of the Muslim community.
g. There was a series of communal clashes in the year 1946.
Because of all these reasons, Lord Mountbatten endorsed a plan to partition India with the Northwest and Eastern India with the Muslim population and the rest representing the Hindu population.
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