Answer :

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has published the Human Development Report since 1990. The report classifies the countries on the basis of the level of human development and allows comparison between them. Countries can be classified into four groups on the basis of the human development scores earned by them. Countries with medium levels of human development score between 0.550 and up to 0.700 in the development index. As per the latest reports, 39 countries belong to this category. Three features that are common to these countries are as follows –


a) Most of these countries were under colonial rule prior to World War II or were a part of the erstwhile Soviet Union. They emerged after World War II in the 1940s or after the breakup of the Soviet Union during 1990.


b) These countries have a highly diversified population base. This allows them to adopt people – oriented policies which in turn increases their human development scores and reduces social discrimination.


c) These countries have often faced political and social instability in their recent histories.


Countries in this group include India, Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan, Namibia etc.


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