‘An uneven distribution of the population suggests a close relationship between population and physical and socioeconomic factors’. This statement is explained below:
A. There is a close relationship between the population and the physical and social-economic factors.
B. The physical factors include the climate of the area, availability of water.
C. The North Indian plains, the deltas and the coastal plains have a higher proportion of the population than the interior areas of the central and Southern Indian states.
D. The areas that are nearby river Plains and coastal areas are highly concentrated in terms of population.
E. The states such as Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, and Bihar have a higher density as compared to the other states. This is due to the favorable climatic conditions and the fertile land. The areas with moderate density are Orissa, Tamil Nadu, and Assam. This is due to the possibility of agriculture and to some extent.
F. People usually tend to concentrate on the area which has a moderate climatic condition- neither very hot nor very cold.
G. It must also have adequate precipitation to support life activities.
H. The extreme climatic conditions are not very favorable for the people to concentrate in those areas.
I. It makes the area less attractive for human inhabitation.
J. The least inhabited area in India is the Western Rajasthan. This is due to the high temperature in dry conditions.
K. The states which have high population density like Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal have better climatic conditions. They have a moderate temperature along with adequate precipitation.
L. Rajasthan has a shortage of water and hot climatic conditions which account for low population density.
M. The hilly areas of the Himalayan region also have less population due to the hilly terrain and the harsh climate.
N. The social-economic factors include the level of human development, industrialization, urbanization and the development of infrastructure communication and transportation.
O. The regions of Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Bengaluru, Pune etc have been the areas of high concentration of population due to industrialization and urbanization. It also receives the maximum rural migrants.
P. The union territories excluding Andaman and Nicobar Islands have a high density of population. Even though the natural resources like land and water in these regions have shown signs of Degradation. This is because of the history of human development and the development of a transportation network.
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