Yes, the statement is valid because most people favour living in a location where there is the availability of favourable conditions for life. The factors affecting the population decide the density of the population.
The uneven distribution of the population suggests a close relationship between population due to physical and socio-economic factors.
Physical factors are:
People prefer living on flat plains and gentle slopes. This is because such areas are favourable for the production of crops and to build roads and industries. The mountainous and hilly areas hinder the development of a transport network and hence initially do not favour agricultural and industrial development.
• Availability of water
Water is the most precious natural resource which is essential for sustenance of life. Therefore people prefer to live in areas where fresh water is easily available.
Areas with mineral deposits attract industries. Mining and industrial activities generate employment. So, skilled and semi-skilled workers move to these areas and make them densely populated.
Lack of employment in rural areas is the main reason for the movement of people from rural to urban occurs. In urban areas, there will be more employment opportunities due to factories and industries. Employment status of the society can be improved by the Urbanization.
• Culture and social
Some places attract more people because they have religious or cultural significance. In the same way – people tend to move away from places where there is social and political unrest. Many a time’s governments offer incentives to people to live in sparsely populated areas or move away from overcrowded places.
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