Q. 504.2( 5 Votes )
An element X of group 15 exists as diatomic molecule and combines with hydrogen at 773 K in presence of the catalyst to form a compound, ammonia which has a characteristic pungent smell.
(a) Identify the element X. How many valence electrons does it have?
(b) Draw the electron dot structure of the diatomic molecule of X. What type of bond is formed in it?
(c) Draw the electron dot structure for ammonia and what type of bond is formed in it?
The element X is nitrogen (atomic no. 7) with electronic configuration as 2, 5.
It has 5 valence electrons.
(b) Electron dot structure of diatomic molecule of nitrogen
It has triple covalent bonds.
(c) Electron dot structure of ammonia
It has 3 single covalent bonds.
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