Q. 124.2( 30 Votes )

An electron and a proton are detected in a cosmic ray experiment, the first with kinetic energy 10 keV, and the second with 100 keV. Which is faster, the electron or the proton? Obtain the ratio of their speeds. (electron mass = 9.11×10-31 kg, proton mass = 1.67×10–27 kg, 1 eV = 1.60 ×10–19 J).

Answer :

For an electron:


Mass of the electron, me= 9.11×10-31kg


Let ve be the velocity of the electron.


Kinetic energy of the electron, Ke = meve2


10 = meve2


meve2=20 ……………….(1)


For a proton:


Mass of the proton, mp= 1.67×10-27kg


Let vp be the velocity of the proton.


Kinetic energy of the proton, Kp=mpvp2


100 = mpvp2


mpvp2=200 ……………………(2)


Dividing equation (1) by (2),







= 13.54


ve:vp = 13.54 : 1


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