An activist working among the poor says that the poor don’t need Fundamental Rights. What they need are Directive Principles to be made legally binding. Do you agree with this? Give your reasons.
No, I don’t agree with this statement. Fundamental rights are the most crucial rights for the people and it cannot be denied to any section of the society including the poor section as well. While directive principles implementation is required to improve the conditions of the poor but fundamental rights ensures universal dignity to every citizen of its country and creates equality among people. The fundamental rights also ensure equality in employment for the poor people and equally pay of wages. In the practical light then the most immediate requirement of the poor people is food, clothing and shelter. The activist is partly correct saying that the poor don’t need Fundamental Rights.
Directive principles contain several non-justifiable rights like the Right to Adequate livelihood. Equal pay for equal work for both men and women, rights against Economic Exploitation which if made justifiable can help in improving the economic conditions of the poor. In rural areas is bound to have positive effects on the conditions of the poor. However, the fundamental rights are important which guarantees the right to life, right to employment and right against exploitation.
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Read the statement by Somnath Lahiri in the Constituent Assembly quoted in this chapter. Do you agree with him? If yes, give instances to prove it. If not, give arguments against his position.NCERT - Indian Constitution at Work
Read the following situations. Which Fundamental Right is being used or violated in each case and how?
A. Overweight male cabin crew are allowed to get promotion in the national airlines but their women colleagues who gain weight are penalised.
B. A director makes a documentary film that criticises the policies of the government.
C. People displaced by a big dam take out a rally demanding rehabilitation.
D. Andhra society runs Telugu medium schools outside Andhra Pradesh.NCERT - Indian Constitution at Work
Which of the following is the best description of Fundamental Rights?NCERT - Indian Constitution at Work
Which of the following is a correct interpretation of the Cultural and Educational Rights?NCERT - Indian Constitution at Work
Write true or false against each of these statements:
A. A Bill of Rights lays down the rights enjoyed by the people of a country.
B. A Bill of Rights protects the liberties of an individual.
C. Every country of the world has a Bill of Rights.
D. The Constitution guarantees remedy against violation of Rights.NCERT - Indian Constitution at Work
Which of the following is a violation of Fundamental Rights and why?NCERT - Indian Constitution at Work
A petition by a human rights group drew attention of the court to the condition of starvation and hunger in the country. Over five crore tonnes of food grains were stored in the go downs of the Food Corporation of India. Research shows that a large number of ration cardholders do not know about the quantity of food grains they can purchase from fair price shops. It requested the court to order the government to improve its public distribution system.
A. Which different rights does this case involve? How are these rights interlinked?
B. Should these rights form part of the right to life?NCERT - Indian Constitution at Work
Which of the Fundamental Rights is in your opinion the most important right? Summarise its provisions and give arguments to show why it is most important.NCERT - Indian Constitution at Work
Several reports show that caste groups previously associated with scavenging are forced to continue in this job. Those in positions of authority refuse to give them any other job. Their children are discouraged from pursuing education. Which of their Fundamental Rights are being violated in this instance?NCERT - Indian Constitution at Work