Q. 9

All reproductive tract infections (RTIs) are STDs, but all STDs are not RTIs. Justify with example.

Answer :

RTIs – Reproductive Tract Infections

STDs – Sexually Transmitted Diseases


Common STDs are gonorrhoea, syphilis, genital herpes, Chlamydia, hepatitis B, AIDS, etc.


These STDs do not cause reproductive tract infections. Among the common STDs, hepatitis-B and AIDS are not infections of the reproductive organs through their mode of transmission could be through sexual contact also. Hence all STDs are not RTIs.


All other diseases like gonorrhoea, syphilis, genital herpes, and hepatitis-B are transmitted through sexual contact and are also infections of the reproductive tract. So, they are RTIs which are STDs.


Therefore all RTIs are STDs, but all STDs are not RTIs.


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