Q. 13 A5.0( 2 Votes )

‘‘After introducing the Permanent Settlement in Bengal, the zamindars regularly failed to pay the land revenue demand.’’ Examine the causes and consequences of it.

Answer :

The British introduced the system of permanent settlement in Bengal. They thought that the fixed revenue would imbibe a sense of security among the Zamindars. But contrary to this perception, the Zamindars regularly failed to pay the revenue. This resulted in the accumulation of unpaid balances.

The Zamindars failed to make regular payments of revenue due to the following reasons:-


i) The initial rate of revenue was very high. It was fixed for all time to come. The east India Company had thought that it would never be able to claim a share in the increased income from land if at any stage, the prices rose and the cultivations expanded.


ii) The amount of revenue was fixed during the period of economic depression. The ryots found it difficult to pay their dues to the Zamindars. As such the Zamindars were unable to pay the revenue to the East India Company.


iii) The revenue was invariable. It had to be paid punctually even if the harvest was not good. There was the enforcement of sun-set law. If any Zamindar did not make the payment before the sun-set on the specific day, his estate was auctioned.


Consequences:-


i) The permanent settlement had reduced the power of the Zamindars to collect rent from the ryot


ii) The state subdued their authority and restricted their autonomy.


iii) To control them and weaken them further their troops were disbanded and all the customs duties were abolished


iv) Permanent settle destroyed the power and resources of the Zamindars. And in one case if the Raja failed to pay the revenue, a company official was sent to the Zamindars pace to destroy his influence completely.


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