After independence various important strategies were adopted for agricultural development in India. Before independence, a large portion of the economy was based on subsistence agriculture. It had drastic performance in the first half of 20th century. This period was affected due to severe droughts and famines. Also during partition 1/3rd of the irrigated land went to Pakistan which reduced the proportion of irrigated land in India after independence. The goals of the Government after independence were to increase production of food grains by switching from cash crops to food crops, intensification of cropping over cultivated land and increase the land under cultivation. By mid 1960-s India learned about the high yielding variety or HYV seeds for producing wheat and rice and took advantage of this to introduce a package of these seeds with fertilisers. Soil moisture through irrigation was the pre-requisite for this system and proved to be successful in India with an increased rate of food grain production. Later by the 1980’s the Planning Commission of India paid attention to the problems of agriculture and proposed a balanced development. This included a need for diversification along with harnessing of resources for developing dairy farming, poultry, horticulture, livestock rearing and aquaculture.
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“After independenGeography - Board Papers