Q. 275.0( 1 Vote )

# According t

Given,

The radius of the weapon, r=0.5 m

Therefore, Surface area, A=4𝜋r2 = 𝜋

Temperature after detonation, T=106 K

Stefan’s constant, σ = 5.67 × 10-8 W/ m2K4

(a) Therefore, power radiated (P) is given by

(ANS)

(b) Here, 10% of the energy(E) is to evaporate water which is at 30°C. This means the energy heats the water up to 100°C and then evaporates.

So, 0.1E = msΔT +mLv

Here, the first term is due to the contribution of energy in heating the liquid to 100°C and the second term is due to vaporization and m is the mass of the water used.

Energy,

Here, t is the time which is 1 sec.

Given, Heat capacity, Sw = 4186.0 J/ kgK

Latent heat of vaporization, Lv = 22.6 X 105 J / kg

Temperature difference, ΔT = 100°C - 30°C = 70°C

So, 7x109 kg of water would be evaporated.

(c) Here, energy,

Therefore, momentum,

Now, momentum at a distance 1km (per unit time) is

Therefore, the momentum imparted at 1km is 47.7 N/m2

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