Answer :

(A) the regions of hind brain:-

1. Medulla- It controls various involuntary activities like breathing, heartbeat, peristalsis movement of alimentary canal, blood pressure.


It also controls the main centre of reflex action like coughing, sneezing, vomiting, etc.


2. Cerebellum- It maintains the balance of body and postures.


3. Pons- It regulates the process of respiration


(B) The cerebrum has 4 lobes. Each lobe performs specific functions:


1. Occipital lobe- performs the function of visual reception (to see).


2. Temporal lobe- performs the function of auditory reception (to hear)


3. Parietal lobe- performs the function of reception of general smell, touch and temperature.


4. Frontal lobe- controls specific muscular activities like thought, speech and memory.


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