Answer :

(a) (i)



(ii) Nitric acid oxidizes glucose into saccharic acid.



(b) Starch is made up of -D-glucose units which are held by C1– C4 glycosidic linkage (amylose) or C1–C4 glycosidic linkage whereas branching occurs by C1–C6 glycosidic linkage (amylopectin). Whereas cellulose is made up of -D-glucose units which are joined by glycosidic linkage between C1 of one glucose unit and C4 of the next glucose unit.


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