Answer :

Concepts/Formula used:
Resistors in Series:

Resistors in parallel:

Ohm’s Law:

Potential Difference (V) across a resistor of resistance R when current I passes through it is given by Ohm’s law:


The given circuit is:

We can easily see that the voltmeter and R1 are in parallel. The equivalent resistance, r’ is given by:

We can redraw the circuit as follows:

Note that r’ and R2 are in series. The equivalent resistance is given by:

The current coming out of the battery also passes through r’. By Ohm’s law,

Now, the voltmeter reads the potential different across R1 .

Hence, the voltmeter reads 24V.


The given circuit is now:

The equivalent resistance is :

The current is the same throughout the circuit as all components are in series and is given by:

Now, the potential difference across R1 is given by:

Hence, the potential difference across the 100Ω resistor before connecting the voltmeter was 28V.

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