Q. 4

A typical angiosperm flower consists of four floral parts. Give the names of the floral parts and their arrangements sequentially.

Answer :

A typical angiosperm flower consists of 4 floral parts namely – calyx, corolla, androecium, gynoecium.


Calyx – It is the outermost whorl of the flower and the members are called sepals which are green, leaf like and protect the flower in the bud stage.


Corolla – It is composed of petals. Petals are usually brightly coloured to attract insects for pollination.


Androecium – It is composed of stamens. Each stamen which represents the male reproductive organ consists of a stalk or a filament and an anther.


Gynoecium – It is the female reproductive part of the flower and is made up of one or more carpels. A carpel consists of three parts namely stigma, style and ovary.


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