Q. 123.6( 10 Votes )

# A square loop of side 12 cm with its sides parallel to X and Y axes is moved with a velocity of 8 cm s^{–1} in the positive x - direction in an environment containing a magnetic field in the positive z - direction. The field is neither uniform in space nor constant in time. It has a gradient of 10^{–3} T cm^{–1} along the negative x - direction (that is it increases by 10^{–3} T cm^{–1} as one moves in the negative x - direction), and it is decreasing in time at the rate of 10^{–3} T s^{–1}. Determine the direction and magnitude of the induced current in the loop if its resistance is 4.50 mW.

Answer :

Given: side of square loop = 12 cm

In metre, the side of square loop = 0.12m

Area of the square loop = 0.12 × 0.12 = 144 × 10 ^{- 4}m^{2}

Velocity of the loop = 8 cms^{-1}

In metre/s, the velocity of the loop, v= 0.08m/s

Since gradient of electric field is along negative x - direction

In Tm ^{- 1},

∴ The rate of decrease of magnetic field in time is given as:

Resistance of the square loop = 4.50 mΩ =4.5 × 10 ^{- 3}Ω

Due to change in the motion of the square loop in presence of non - uniform magnetic field, the decrease in the magnetic flux is given as:

Due to explicit time variation in magnetic field, the rate of change of flux is given by:

Substituting values in above, we get

The total emf induced in the square loop is :

e =1.44 × 10^{–5} V+ 11.52× 10^{-5} V

e = 12.96 × 10^{-5} V

The induced current can be written as:

i =e/R

⇒

⇒ i = 2.88 × 10 ^{- 2}A

The current direction will be in the way that there will be increase in the flux along positive z direction.

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PREVIOUSSuppose the loop in Exercise 6.4 is stationary but the current feeding the electromagnet that produces the magnetic field is gradually reduced so that the field decreases from its initial value of 0.3 T at the rate of 0.02 T s–1. If the cut is joined and the loop has a resistance of 1.6Ω , how much power is dissipated by the loop as heat? What is the source of this power?NEXTIt is desired to measure the magnitude of field between the poles of a powerful loud speaker magnet. A small flat search coil of area 2 cm2 with 25 closely wound turns, is positioned normal to the field direction, and then quickly snatched out of the field region.Equivalently, one can give it a quick 90° turn to bring its plane parallel to the field direction). The total charge flown in the coil (measured by a ballistic galvanometer connected to coil) is 7.5 mC. The combined resistance of the coil and the galvanometer is 0.50. Estimate the field strength of magnet.

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