Q. 19

‘A Satyagraha wins the battle through non-violence’. Explain with examples.

Answer :

Satyagraha is always a powerful weapon following the path of ahimsa and non-violence.

1. Satyagraha followed the idea that if the cause was true and if the struggle was against injustice, then there is no need for physical force to fight against the oppressor.

2. Gandhiji followed Satyagraha during his stay in South Africa to fight the injustice.

3. He decided to take the path of Satyagraha after arriving in India.

4. He fought for the welfare of peasants in Kheda district of Gujarat demanding the relaxation in revenue collection. The peasants could not pay high revenue due to crop failure and a plague epidemic. The British Government agreed and deferred the payment of revenue to next year.

5. He also travelled to Champaran to inspire peasants. He launched satyagraha to struggle against the exploitative plantation system. The British Government passed an Act to ensure the welfare of the peasants.

6. He launched another Satyagraha in 1918 among the mill workers of Ahmedabad. The workers got a hike in their pay after Gandhiji’s intervention.

These are fine examples to show that Satyagraha always wins battles through non-violence.

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