Answer :

Given: Length of the rectangular loop=l

Breadth of the rectangular loop=b

Current in the wire=i

Speed of loop=v

We have to find the emf induced in the loop by Faradays’s Law.

Faraday’s law states that whenever the magnetic flux through

a closed surface changes, there will be an induced emf prodced in

the loop that encloses the surface. The mathematical relation is

where is the magnitude of the induced emf, ϕB is the the magnetic

flux through the surface. The negative sign arises because the

induced emf will be produced such that it will oppose the change of

magnetic flux. The magnetic flux is given by

where B is the magnetic field and dS is a small area element on the


The wire which is near the loop is responsible for the magnetic field .

The wire is carrying current in the upward direction so by Fleming’s

right hand thumb rule, the magnetic field will be perpendicular to the

plane of the paper in the inward direction.

We have to now calculate the magnetic field acting across the loop.

Let us consider a small rectangular element of length b and width dx

at a distance of x from wire. The magnteic field on this element due

to the current carrying wire is given by Ampere circuital law.

(cos θ=1 because the vector and vector are both acting in ward in the plane of paper so θ=0°, here dl is a small current carrying element of the circular amperian loop)

The magnetic flux through this element will be

(cosθ=1 because the magnetic field across the area and the normal

vector of this area element both point in the same direction so θ=0°

so cosθ=1)

The total magnetic flux through the loop will be the flux through

Infinite such elementss from x=a to x=a+l

(taking constants out of the integral)

The flux through the loop is

The emf induced will be

(taking constants out of the differential)

(because as the rate of change of Distance from wire is the loop speed)

The magnitude of the induced emf is .

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