A. (a) Mano Majra is a small place that has only 3 brick establishments which include:
•The home of Lala Ram Lal, the moneylender.
These buildings enclose a large peepul tree in the middle of a triangular area. The other buildings in the village are flat-roofed mud huts with low-walled courtyards.
(b) The keekar trees grow around a pond at the western end of the village. There is a three-foot slab of sandstone under this tree which is worshipped by the local villagers secretly irrespective of their religion.
(c) Mano Majra is known for its railway stations. There is only one main track which is left empty for important trains to pass whereas the sidings are used by the less important trains to wait. The only type of trains that stop there are the goods train. Not many goods are sent or received by Mano Majra, but the sidings at the station are occupied by goods train that spends hours shedding wagons and collecting others.
(d) Under the keekar trees ringed all around the pond, there is a three-foot slab of sandstone which is addressed as the ‘deo’ or the local deity. This is a common object of worship because all the villagers, whether Hindu, Sikh, Muslim, or pseudo-Christian, visit this place secretly when in need of blessings.
(e) Mano Majra is situated on the banks of the Sutlej River, but the houses are built half a mile away from the banks of the river. It is so because in India river’s change their moods with seasons and also their course without any warning. Being the largest river in Punjab, after monsoon its water rises and spreads across as mud embankments on either side.
(f) The railway station of Mano Majra is surrounded by a small colony of shopkeepers and hawkers. They provide travellers with food, betel leaves, cigarettes, tea, biscuits and sweetmeats. These shopkeepers give the station an appearance of activity constantly.
(g) Apart from selling tickets and sending and receiving messages over the telegraph ticker, the station master additionally provides railway signals by coming out on the platform and waving a green flag for trains which do not stop.
(h) At night the silence of the village is broken by the whistling and puffing of engines, the thumping of buffers and the clattering of iron couplings of the trains that pass the Mano Majra railway station.
(i) The word from the passage which means the opposite of ‘broad’ is ‘narrow’. ‘Narrow’ refers to something that has a small width, whereas ‘broad’ means something that is spread widely.
(j) The word from the passage which means the same as ‘lazily’ is ‘sluggishly’. The word ‘lazily’ means doing something slowly and unwillingly, which is the same as the word ‘sluggishly’.
B. (a) The given expression signifies the importance of change. Change is unavoidable and persistent in this fast moving world. The old is supposed to gradually be replaced by new things.
(b) The speaker King Arthur asks the listener to pray for him to rest in peace and to remember him for his good behaviour and kind deeds who seems to be lost without his advice. The speaker was sure that he wouldn’t return and so he imparted whatever he felt was right in his life.
(c) The figure of speech used in lines 10 – 13 is simile. ‘Simile’ is used to compare one thing with another, where both have different meanings. This is used to make a description more realistic.
(d) Human beings are different from animals because they have the power of wisdom and the ability to think, unlike animals. They can lift their hands before God and pray to seek for what they wish to acquire.
(e) (i)The word that means the same as ‘giving’ is ‘yielding’. The word ‘giving’ means to ‘provide’ which is the same as ‘yielding’.
(ii)The word that means the opposite of ‘foe’ is ‘friend’. The word ‘foe’ means an enemy which is opposite to ‘friend’ which means a companion.
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