A. (i) The teachers said that the earth rotates around the sun.
The sentence is given in first person speech, and we change the narration to the third person.
(ii) By whom was the table broken?
By whom has the table been broken?
The sentence is given in active voice and to change the voice we convert the sentence to passive voice. In the first sentence the focus is on the action. To make this change we use the word ‘by’ in the sentence.
(iii) No sooner did I enter the room than the alarm went off.
The sentence starts with ‘as soon as’ so we rewrite it by starting with ‘no sooner’ followed by the action then the word ‘than’ followed by the subject leading to the action i.e. the alarm.
(iv) This voice is very sweet.
It is a very sweet voice.
A sentence stating a fact is known as an assertive sentence. To change this sentence to an assertive one we use the word ‘very’ before the adjective ‘sweet’ to emphasize on its importance.
(v) You will not clear the exam lest you work hard.
The word ‘lest’ means to avoid something so we use it in the middle of the sentence to retain the meaning that states to clear the exam one must work hard.
B. The dialogues given are in present tense while the paragraph is in past tense so we fill the blanks with the phrases in past tense. For example, in present tense the sentence is ‘where are you going?’ so in the past tense, it becomes ‘where he was going’. Similarly, ‘where your uncle lives’ becomes ‘where his uncle lived’ and ‘you seem to be very excited’ becomes ‘Shyam seemed to be very excited. Also, ‘my uncle returned from the U.S.’ is written as ‘his uncle had returned from the U.S.’. ‘He has brought a few gifts for me’ becomes ‘he had brought a few gifts for him’.
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