Q. 114.8( 5 Votes )

A point charge is taken from a point A to a point B in an electric field. Does the work done by the electric field depend on the path of the charge?

Answer :

No, the work done by the electric field does not depend on the path of the charge.
Work done is given as: W = Potential difference × charge.
= (VA – VB) × q
Here, VA and VB is the potential at Points A and B respectively. And q is the charge.
Thus, the position of the charge is important as potential difference will vary with position and so the work done will change.
Hence, when a point is taken from A to a point B the work done on the charge due to electric field will not depend on the path.

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