Answer :

(a) Protein


The pigeon pea plant is extensively cultivated in different parts of India. Pigeon Peas are high in nutritional elements. Following is a list of nutritional content in per 168 g or 1 cup of pigeon peas.


(b) Fodder


Berseem is one of the most important fodder crops and has been rightly described as the king of fodders. It is highly esteemed fodder which has a special place in animal husbandry programmes throughout the country does not tolerate acidic soils but grows in other kinds of soils except user lands. The crop is sown from middle of September to end of October in plains and from middle of August to first week of September in hills. Berseem is highly palatable fodder and it contains 17% crude protein and 25.9% crude fibre. The total digestible nutrients content is 60-65%.


(c) Kharif


Kharif crops grow during the rainy seasons. They are sown at the start of the monsoon and harvested at the end of the monsoon season. Example is Paddy, Maize and Millet etc.


(d) Vegetables


Vegetables can be eaten either raw or cooked and play an important role in human nutrition, being mostly low in fat and carbohydrates, but high in vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber. Many nutritionists encourage people to consume plenty of fruit and vegetables.


(e) Rabi


The major rabi crop in India is wheat, followed by barley, mustard, sesame and peas. Rabi crops (Winter crops): Crops which are grown during the winter season(October-March) are called Rabi crops.


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