(B) Sodium Oxide Na2O
(C) Sodium metal is kept in kerosene oil to prevent it from coming in contact with oxygen and moisture. If this happens, it will react with the moisture present in air and forms Sodium hydroxide which is a highly exothermic reaction.
2Na(s) + 2H2O(l) → 2NaOH(aq) + H2(g) + heat energy
(d) Sodium oxide reacts with hydrochloric acid to produce sodium chloride and water.
Na2O + 2HCl → 2NaCl + H2O
(e) (i) 4Na + O2→ 2Na2O
(ii) 2Na + 2H2O → 2NaOH + H2
(iii) Na2O + 2HCl → H2O + 2NaCl
(C)Calcium ion and oxygen ion
(d) It is an ionic compound having properties :
1. They have high melting and boiling points.
1. They are hard.
2. They have high electrical conductivity.
3. They form crystals.
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