Q. 254.5( 11 Votes )
A man walking briskly in rain with speed v must slant his umbrella forward making an angle θ with the vertical. A student derives the following relation between θ and v: tan θ = v and checks that the relation has a correct limit: as v →0, θ → 0, as expected. (We are assuming there is no strong wind and that the rain falls vertically for a stationary man). Do you think this relation can be correct? If not, guess the correct relation.
Dimensions of tan θ = M0L0T0
(∵ All trigonometric functions have no units)
Dimensions for v (velocity) = M0L1T-1
∴ The equation, tan θ = v is Dimensionally incorrect.
To balance the equation,
Let the speed of the rainfall be V, then we can make R.H.S dimensionless by dividing with V.
tan θ =
(∵ velocity dimension = M0L1T-1 always)
Now, the equation is dimensionally balanced and correct.
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