(a) The three distinguishing features between sexual and asexual reproduction are as follows:
1. In case of asexual reproduction, only one organism is needed while in case of sexual reproduction, both male and female are required.
2. The new organism produced in Asexual mode is similar to the parent atom while in sexual mode, new organism is genetically different from parents.
3. Asexual doesn’t promote evolution whereas sexual reproduction does.
(b) Since, the offspring produced in case of sexual mode of reproduction has a possibility of diverse characters because it is formed from the fusion of male and female gametes. So, there is an opportunity that variations are observed in the offsprings of sexually transmitted organisms.
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