Q. 29 4.6( 7 Votes )

A LASER is a source of very intense, monochromatic, and unidirectional beam of light. These properties of a laser light can be exploited to measure long distances. The distance of the Moon from the Earth has been already determined very precisely using a laser as a source of light. A laser light beamed at the Moon takes 2.56 s to return after reflection at the Moon’s surface. How much is the radius of the lunar orbit around the Earth?

Answer :


Time taken by laser to reflect back from moon to earth = 2.56 s

We know that,

Speed of the light in vacuum = 3×108 m/s

Radius of the lunar orbit (r) = distance between Earth and Moon (d)

Times taken for laser beam to reach moon = 0.5×2.56 = 1.28 s

r = d = speed of light in vacuum × Time taken

= 3×108 × 1.28 m

= 3.84×105 km

Hence, the radius of the lunar orbit is, 3.84×105 km.

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