Answer :

(A). Identification of the compound:-


1.


The given components is Diode. It is a semiconductor device which is consisted of two parts formed by suitable doping of two different type of semiconductor material i.e. p-side and n-side.


2.


The given component is resistor. It is a device which stops or resist the flow of current.


3.


The given component is capacitor. It is a device which store the charge or we can say electrical energy and provide that electrical energy in times of need.


4.


This is a n-p-n transistor which is consisted of three parts, emitter, base and collector. The function of this type of transistor is to amplify any small Ac current which is applied to its base part.


5.


This is a p-n-p transistor which is consisted of three parts, emitter, base, and collector. This type of transistor work as a current regulator by allowing only limited and precise amount of current from a source of larger current.


(b). The electronic component which does function of all the above mentioned components is IC chips.


An IC chip stands for Integrated Circuit chips which is an arrangement of lots of transistors, diodes, resistor, capacitors, etc. It does incorporate the function of many parts in a semiconductor chip.


(c). The advantage of IC chips:


Minimize the size of electronic devices.


High efficiency.


Credibility.


Low energy consumption.


High longevity/ Last longer than any other devices.


Resist the temperature change hence not creating over heating problems.


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