Q. 27

(a) Give the names and structural formulae of the next two higher homologues of methane. (b) The molecular formula of a hydrocarbon is C2H5. Name its homologues series.
(c) Select the hydrocarbons which are members of the same homologues series. Give the name of each series. C5H10; C3H8; C4H10; C7H12; C8H16

Answer :

(a) The next two Higher homologues of methane are ethane and propane.

(c) Homologous series is a series of organic compounds having similar properties in which the successive members differ by a -CH2 group.

Alkanes: C3H8; C4H10

Alkenes: C5H10; C8H16

Alkynes: C7H12

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