Q. 304.5( 48 Votes )

a) Draw a d

Answer :

The different parts of the nephron are marked in the picture below-


(b) Functions of a structural and functional unit of the kidney:

The structural and functional unit of the kidney is Nephrons. The important functions of nephrons are:

1. Formation of urine: The most important function of the nephron is the formation of Urine. The urine is formed by the three different steps- filtration, tubular reabsorption, and tubular secretion.

2. Reabsorption- It also reabsorbs the useful substances from the urine. The substances reabsorbed by the nephrons are glucose, amino acid, salts, and water.

3. Regulation of water concentration- It regulates the concentration of water and soluble substances. The secretion of H+ ions helps to regulate the pH of the blood.

(c) One function of an artificial kidney:

The artificial kidney is useful in kidney failure. It is used to clean the patient’s blood.

Explanation: The kidneys are used in the filtration of the blood. If due to any circumstances the kidney fails, it will affect the quality of the blood and hence urine formation will be affected and the body will lose useful substances. Hence, the artificial kidney helps to clean the patient’s blood.

Rate this question :

How useful is this solution?
We strive to provide quality solutions. Please rate us to serve you better.
Related Videos
Life Processes - Concept Recap For BoardsLife Processes - Concept Recap For BoardsLife Processes - Concept Recap For Boards75 mins
Try our Mini CourseMaster Important Topics in 7 DaysLearn from IITians, NITians, Doctors & Academic Experts
Dedicated counsellor for each student
24X7 Doubt Resolution
Daily Report Card
Detailed Performance Evaluation
view all courses

There is a pair oLakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur- Biology

The organs A of aLakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur- Biology